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Third Degree Burn

What is a third-degree burn?

A third degree burn is also called a full thickness burn. Your skin contains 3 layers. A third degree occurs when all 3 layers are burned. This may also include damage to the bones and muscles. A third-degree burn is the most serious type of burn. and there are other types of burn first and second

Types of burns Third Degree Burn

What causes a third-degree burn?

Direct exposure to heat for a long time is the most common cause of a third-degree burn. This includes contact with hot objects or flames such as an iron, a skillet, tar, cigarettes, or fireworks. The following may also cause a third degree :

  • Harsh chemicals, such as cleaning products, car battery acid, gasoline, or cement
  • Lightning, or damaged electrical cords or electrical outlets
  • Hot water or steam

What are the signs and symptoms of a third-degree ?

Your skin may be white, black, brown, or leathery. This type of burn injury is often painless because the nerves have been damaged.

How is a third degree burn diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your burn. Tell him about your symptoms. He will examine your burn to determine how severe it is. Laser scanners may be used to check the blood flow in your skin.

How is a third degree burn treated?

  • Medicines may be used to decrease pain, prevent infection, or help your burn heal. They may be given as a pill or as an ointment applied to your skin.
  • Surgery may remove damaged tissue, replace or cover lost skin, or relieve pressure and improve blood flow. Surgery can help prevent infection, decrease inflammation, and improve healing. Surgery can also improve the appearance of your skin and reduce scarring.

How do I care for my third degree burn?

  • Wash your hands with soap and water and remove old bandages. You may need to soak the bandage in water before you remove it so it will not stick to your wound.
  • Gently clean the burned area daily with mild soap and water, and pat dry. Look for any swelling or redness around the burn. Do not break closed blisters, because this increases the risk for infection.
  • Apply cream or ointment to the burn with a cotton swab. Place a nonstick bandage over your burn.
  • Wrap a layer of gauze around the bandage to hold it in place. The wrap should be snug but not tight. It is too tight if you feel tingling or lose feeling in that area.
  • Apply gentle pressure for a few minutes if bleeding occurs.
  • Elevate your burned arm or leg above the level of your heart as often as you can. This will help decrease swelling and pain. Prop your burned arm or leg on pillows or blankets to keep it elevated

How can I prevent a third-degree burn?

  • Do not leave cups, mugs, or bowls containing hot liquids at the edge of a table. Keep pot handles turned away from the stove front.
  • Do not leave a lit cigarette. Discard it properly. Keep cigarette lighters and matches in a safe place where children cannot reach them.
  • Keep your water heater setting to low or medium.

When should I seek immediate care?

  • You have a fast heartbeat or breathing.
  • You are not urinating.

Second-degree burn : Everything you need to know

Second-degree burn: Everything you need to know

Second-degree burns, or partial-thickness burns, are more severe than first-degree burns. They affect the outer layer of skin, called the epidermis, and part of the second layer of skin called the dermis.

Second-degree can be very painful and often take several weeks to heal. Burns that affect large areas of skin can cause serious complications and may be prone to infection.

In this article, learn more about second-degree, including the symptoms and when to see a doctor.

Second-degree burn

effect of hyaluronic acid in the healing of wounds 

according to the study, It was also observed that the fixed combination HA-SSD caused a significantly more rapid re-epithelialization of burns, i.e. a shorter time to healing, than SSD alone which means that using comedo cream with hyaluronic will improve healing time over using sulfadiazine alone

what is the second degree of burn

Doctors categorize burns according to the amount of damage they cause to the skin and surrounding tissue.

  • First-degree burns are generally minor and affect only the outer layer of skin. They are the most common type of burn. Most sunburns fall into this category. Learn more about first-degree burns here.
  • Second-degree burns are more serious burns that affect the outer layer of skin and the next layer, the dermis. They take longer to heal and are more serious.
  • Third-degree burns are the most serious types of burns. They affect both layers of skin and may also affect other tissue, such as sweat glands. Third-degree burns usually need a skin graft.

Second-degree can be relatively minor, such as when a burn from a stove or iron burns deeper into the skin. They can also be very serious and even life-threatening.

Second-degree are more dangerous when:

  • They affect large areas of the body.
  • They affect the joints, face, or hands.
  • They affect the genitals or buttocks.
  • They occur in someone with a weakened immune system, such as someone who is undergoing chemotherapy for cancer.

Second-degree burns can cause serious infections, especially if they cover large areas of the body or if a person does not receive the right treatment.

Causes 

Physical sources of heat, such as the sun and stoves, can cause second-degree burns. Certain chemicals, including bleach and other cleaning products, can also cause burns.

Some common causes of second-degree burns include:

  • severe sunburn, such as when a person with very fair skin sits in the sun for an extended period
  • accidents with ovens and stoves
  • exposure to fire
  • contact with boiling water

Accidental injuries are a common reason for second-degree. For example, a child might place their hand on a hot burner.

Intentional abuse, such as during acid attacks, can also cause second-degree.

What is a first-degree burn?

First-degree burns are a common and painful household occurrence, especially for children and older adults. They often happen when someone touches something hot, such as a stove, curling iron, or hair straightener.

Staying out in the sun too long without sunscreen or other forms of protection is also a frequent cause of first-degree burns. Researchers report, however, that 80 percent of burns affecting young children are due to accidental scalding with hot liquids or objects.

what are the symptoms?

Most first degrees is not very big, and usually present as a red, dry area of skin.

Typically, first-degree burns do not break the skin or cause blisters to form.

The best-known and most common symptom of a first-degree burn is red skin.

Other symptoms include:

  • pain
  • soreness in the burned area, which lasts for 2 –3 days
  • skin that may be warm to the touch
  • swelling
  • dry skin
  • peeling
  • itching
  • a temporary change in skin color caused by peeling

Types of burns  and definition of first degree of burn

first degree burn
First-degree vary from more severe burns in that they do not penetrate deep into the skin and other tissues

Doctors define first-degree as superficial burns because they only affect the top layer of the skin.

First-degree vary from more severe burns in that they do not penetrate deep into the skin and other tissues.

Other burns have the following characteristics:

  • Second degree burns: These burns go through the epidermis and reach the top of the second layer of the skin, which is known as the dermis. These burns are more likely to blister and are generally more painful and swollen.
  • Third-degree burns: This type of burn penetrates the first and second layers of skin to the third and lowest level of the skin, known as the hypodermis. With these deeper burns, the affected area may appear white, like the surface of a burned piece of charcoal.
  • Fourth-degree burns: This type of burn goes through all three layers of the skin and damages the muscle, bone, nerves, and fat that is lying underneath. There is no pain with fourth-degree burns because damage to the nerves prevents any feeling.

manage the burns as fast as possible to avoid scares and infection 

you can depend on comedo cream to heal wound and burns as it contains very effective ingredients including hyaluronic acid, calendula , panthenol, vitamin E and honey, with hyaluronic play a major role in wound healing as it interacts with the 3 phases of burns healing first degree burn

 

Preventing scarring

Scarring is not usually a problem with a first-degree burn.

Scars only form when the lower layer of the skin is damaged, and first-degree burns do not usually penetrate that far into the skin. They also tend to heal in less than 10 days, and, according to the Phoenix Society for Burn Survivors, burns which heal that rapidly do not usually leave scars.

However, always take extra care with sensitive, damaged skin. If the skin in the affected area begins to peel, leave it to shed naturally, as pulling it off might be painful and cause scarring.

role of hyaluronic acid in wound healing

Comedo cream for wound healing and burns  

Whether you burn your hand on a pan of cookies, spend too much time in the sun, or spill hot coffee on your lap, burns are certainly not pleasant. Unfortunately, burns and wound are one of the most common household injuries.

Burns are categorized by their severity.

A first-degree burn is considered the least severe because it only affects the outer layer of skin. It usually only causes mild pain, redness, and swelling.

Second-degree affect deeper layers of the skin and cause blisters and white, wet, and shiny skin. Third-degree involve damage to all layers of the skin,

fourth-degree may involve the joints and bones. Third- and fourth-degree burns are considered medical emergencies and should only be treated in a hospital.

You can treat most first-degree and second-degree less than three inches in diameter at home. Read on to learn which remedies are best for healing your skin, and also which remedies should be avoided.

manage the burns as fast as possible to avoid scares and infection 

you can depend on comedo cream to heal wound and burns as it contains very effective ingredients including hyaluronic acid , clanduola , panthenol, vitamin E and honey, with hyaluronic play a major role in wound healing as it interacts with the 3 phases of burns healing 

 

The Role of Hyaluronic Acid in burn and wound Healing

Inflammatory phase

•activates cell migration (fibroblasts, lymphocytes, and polynuclear neutrophils) in the Wound site.

•Regulate Inflammation by producing pro-inflammatory cytokines •Stimulate Angiogenesis

Proliferative phase

•accelerates repair mechanisms such as migration and proliferation of fibroblasts, collagen synthesis, and endothelial cells 

Remodeling phase

•Activate the proliferation and migration of keratinocytes and promotes collagen remodeling 

•inhibits the inflammatory reaction, causing a reduction in
fibrosis and therefore fibrous tissue

•Reduce scar formation

wound and burn - hyaluronic


Several  studies have shown that :

 topical application of HA significantly enhances the wound healing process







resources:

The role of hyaluronic acid in wound healing: assessment of clinical evidence

Exogenous hyaluronic acid and wound healing: an updated vision