The world celebrates for the second year in a row, ” world braille day 2019″, and Braille is a language that has been created that allows blind people to read through specific symbols.
The celebration takes place on January 4 of each year. The celebration aims to encourage the blind or those who suffer from Its severe weakness in reading and writing and consolidating their actual presence in their societies, in addition to providing an opportunity to identify the problems that they may face.
We at HK want to care about awareness of the value of these global days such as world braille day because of our belief in our role towards society for more awareness, education and knowledge dissemination.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has stated that people with vision impairment are more likely than those who have a complete vision to experience higher rates of poverty and defects that can amount to a lifetime of inequality.
Why January 4 is a world braille day to celebrate world braille day
French scientist Louis Braille
It was chosen on January 4 of every year, as this date coincides with the birthday of the French scientist Louis Braille in 1809, who also died on January 6 in 1852, and despite his short life, he left his mark in history, he is the inventor of writing in a way Braille named after him. And Braille has revolutionized the lives of the blind and the blind, by creating a reading and writing system based on the notion of six salient points.
His accident lost his sight
Louis was born in the city of Coupvray, east of the French capital, Paris, on January 4, 1809, and when he was a three-year-old, he lost sight in one of his eyes, due to a sharp object colliding in it, while he was learning in his father’s workshop for the leather industry.
Doctors tried to save his eye but they did not succeed, and after two years of the accident, he lost sight of the second eye due to her sympathetic ophthalmia, a type of inflammation that occurs after one of the eyes was severely bruised, and despite this, he continued his life and began learning to walk on the roads of his small city thanks The stick that his father designed.
What is Braille?
The first thing that was published in Braille was during the year 1837. As for the entire method, it was published only in 1839 and was not used officially until 14 years later.
Braille spread throughout France in 1854, but two years after the death of its inventor, before it subsequently spread throughout the world, as the best way to learn to read and write for the blind. Braille was accepted in Britain only in 1869, and it began to be used in the United States of America in 1860, modified after 1919 and known as the modified Braille method.
In the year 1915, research was published to Braille, confirming the possibility of using his method of writing the musical notes for the blind. He also invented a tablet and a type of pen that can be used to write on paper accurately in musical lines with double fingers.
In 1951, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, affiliated with the United Nations, unified the writing as much as the parallels between the common voices in different languages allow. This movement resulted in the current system of Arabic symbols. Writing (Braille) is based on 6 main points, 3 on the right and 3 on the left. From these six points, all letters, acronyms, and symbols are formed.
The specialists in Braille in the Arabic language have benefited from the researches of the advanced Arab countries in this field in terms of making prominent writing easy.
Braille is a means of communication for blind persons, as contained in Article 2 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and is necessary in the context of education, freedom of expression and opinion, access to information and written communication, as well as with regard to social inclusion of the blind, as contained in Articles 21 and 24 of Agreement. and to celebrate world braille day every January
The Braille language , which illuminated the way of knowledge, knowledge, and reading of millions of blind people, relies on a system of raised dots and enables the blind or visually impaired to read and write by touch. Learn more about Braille alphabets
Braille is important for communicating with a disability challenge
Many language experts point to the importance of inventing the Braille method of reading and writing for the blind to contribute extensively to filling the deficiency and satisfying the need for knowledge and science that the blind world was suffering, and they are now able to read and write like other ordinary people, although the method differs. Initially, Braille had trouble understanding that code, reducing the maximum number of points from 12 to 6, and he began working on inventing a new writing method, and he finished it when he was only 15 years old, and he presented it to his friends at the institute in 1924
He worked on starting letters either with point number (1) or by point number (2). He also worked on making the letters most used in the language with a few points. Therefore, the most frequently used letters constitute three or four points. Arab bodies for the blind have reached abbreviations of more than 182 words widely circulated, and in this way, it was possible to save the time and effort required for writing.
With the computer entering our world, the system entered the 8 points in the computer system to give room to accommodate the largest possible number of signs and symbols, but this system remained in use only in the computer and did not expand to others, and the way these characters are read from left to right.
The number of users of Braille
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 1.3 billion people worldwide live with some form of vision impairment or nearsightedness. People with low vision are more likely than those who do not have high rates of poverty and deprivation.
There are an estimated 39 million blind people worldwide, while another 253 million people have vision impairment. For many of them, there is an overland method