Second-degree burn : Everything you need to know

Second-degree burn: Everything you need to know

Second-degree burns, or partial-thickness burns, are more severe than first-degree burns. They affect the outer layer of skin, called the epidermis, and part of the second layer of skin called the dermis.

Second-degree can be very painful and often take several weeks to heal. Burns that affect large areas of skin can cause serious complications and may be prone to infection.

In this article, learn more about second-degree, including the symptoms and when to see a doctor.

Second-degree burn

effect of hyaluronic acid in the healing of wounds 

according to the study, It was also observed that the fixed combination HA-SSD caused a significantly more rapid re-epithelialization of burns, i.e. a shorter time to healing, than SSD alone which means that using comedo cream with hyaluronic will improve healing time over using sulfadiazine alone

what is the second degree of burn

Doctors categorize burns according to the amount of damage they cause to the skin and surrounding tissue.

  • First-degree burns are generally minor and affect only the outer layer of skin. They are the most common type of burn. Most sunburns fall into this category. Learn more about first-degree burns here.
  • Second-degree burns are more serious burns that affect the outer layer of skin and the next layer, the dermis. They take longer to heal and are more serious.
  • Third-degree burns are the most serious types of burns. They affect both layers of skin and may also affect other tissue, such as sweat glands. Third-degree burns usually need a skin graft.

Second-degree can be relatively minor, such as when a burn from a stove or iron burns deeper into the skin. They can also be very serious and even life-threatening.

Second-degree are more dangerous when:

  • They affect large areas of the body.
  • They affect the joints, face, or hands.
  • They affect the genitals or buttocks.
  • They occur in someone with a weakened immune system, such as someone who is undergoing chemotherapy for cancer.

Second-degree burns can cause serious infections, especially if they cover large areas of the body or if a person does not receive the right treatment.


Physical sources of heat, such as the sun and stoves, can cause second-degree burns. Certain chemicals, including bleach and other cleaning products, can also cause burns.

Some common causes of second-degree burns include:

  • severe sunburn, such as when a person with very fair skin sits in the sun for an extended period
  • accidents with ovens and stoves
  • exposure to fire
  • contact with boiling water

Accidental injuries are a common reason for second-degree. For example, a child might place their hand on a hot burner.

Intentional abuse, such as during acid attacks, can also cause second-degree.

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